Tamil Nadu Wildlife Sanctuary


THIRUCHENDUR MURUGAN TEMPLE

MUKKURTHI NATIONAL PARK

The Mukkurthi National Park is located in the high altitudes of the martenNilgiris, and is made up of rolling downs interspersed with sholas and woodland. This park is also a part of Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve and is situated 40 kms from Udhagamandalam. It contains a population on Nilgiris Tahr (Hamitragus-hilocrius), Sambhar, Barking deer, Nilgiris Marten, River Otter, Jungle cat, Jackal and many other species of fauna. The avifauna consists of varieties of birds found in the hills. They are the laughing and whistling thrushes, woodcock, wild pigeon and black eagle. Butterflies with Himalayan affinity like the Blue Admiral, Indian Red Admiral, can also be seen. Trekking routes exist from the Parson valley, Pykara valley etc. Trout fishing is recommended in the rivers and lakes of the Mukkurthi. Permission from Asst. Director, Fisheries Department, Udhagai, must be obtained in advance for fishing.

 

Yathothkari Temple

MARINE BIOSPHERE

This is a Marine Biosphere, and it runs along with coasts of Ramanathapuram and Thuthukudi (Tuticorin) Districts. The entire Gulf of Mannar abounds in marine life and the area covers 21 islands and 623 hectares. This National Park is full of coral reefs, the dugong, turtles, dolphins and balano-glossus. The Kurusadai Islands, off Manadapam boasts of a vast expanse of shallow waters. The coral reef, flora and fauna here are in their virgin form. Dolphins create a carefree atmosphere for tourists.

 

Varadaraja Perumal Temple

VEDANTHANGAL

Vedanthangal is the oldest bird sanctuary in the country. This sanctuary has been in vedanexistence for more than 200 years. The villagers have documented their right to protect the winged visitors to this sanctuary. The East India company recognised and renewed their rights in the year 1858. A grove of Barringtonia Acacia nilotica trees in a tank form part of the sanctuary. In addition to this, the dry evergreen scrub and thorn forests can also be seen in the area. Both these sanctuaries are situated in the Kanchipuram district and each occupies sprawling areas of 30 hectares and 61 hectares respectively. Breeding birds like the Cormorant, Egrets, Grey Heron, Open-billed Stork, Darter, Spoonbill, White Ibis, Night Herons, Grebes, and Grey Pelican visit the sanctuary each year. The population of migratory birds included Teals, Shovellers, Pintails, and Sandpipers etc. Some of the resident birds listed are Coots, Terns and Moorhen. In all 115 species of birds have been recorded in this sanctuary

 

Ekambareswarar Temple

KALAKKADU WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

Kalakkadu Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in an area of 223 sq kms in the Thirunelveli kalakkaduDistrict, at the foothills of Western Ghats and the adjoining areas. The flora ranges from forests of the tropical wet evergreen to the tropical dry decidious and thorn forests in the lower hills. The Lion tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Common Langur, Nilgiri Tahr, Sambhar, Sloth Bear, Gaur, Elephant, Tiger, Flying Squirrel, Panther, Wild Dog and Pangolin are some of the wild life seen in this sanctuary. There is also a wide range of birds and reptiles here. Trekking can be done with prior permission from the Forest Officer.

 

Vaikuntha Perumal Temple

GRIZZLED GIANT SQUIRREl

Located in the Virudhunagar District, 45 kms off Virudhunagar Town, this sanctuary has a composition of dry decidious forests, moist mixed decidious forests and grasslands. It is the home of the Grizzled Giant Squirrel. Other interesting species that can be found her is are the Flying squirrel, Tree Shrew, Elephant, Lion-tailed Macaque, Nilgiris Tahr, Mouse Deer, Barking Deer, and many species of birds. This sanctuary can be visited all

 

Vaikuntha Perumal Temple

NATIONAL PARK

Spread over 958 sq kms, this sanctuary can be reached from Top Slip in the Anamalai Hills in the Western Ghats. An ecological Paradise, this sanctuary is a National Park with an area covering 108 sq kms. About 800 species out of 2000 South Indian flora and faunaare distributed here. This sanctuary nurtures arboreal animals like the Lion-tailed macaque, Bonnet macaque, Common langur, Nilgiris langur, Malabar giant squirrel and Grizzled giant squirrel. The ground animals that can be found here are the Tiger, Panther, Elephant, Gaur, Pangolin, Sambhar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Wild boar, Sloth Bear, Porcupine, Nilgiris Tahr, and Civet Cat. The Avifauna includes the Racquet Tailed Drongo, Black Headed Oriole, Paradise Fly-catcher, Whistling Thrush, Emerald Dove, Green Pigeon, Tickell’s Flower Pecker, Rufus Wood Pecker, Rose Ringed Parakeet, Black Eagle, Great Indian, Malabar Pied Hornbill, and the Fairy Bluebird.

 

Vaikuntha Perumal Temple

KALAKKADU SANCTUARY

There is nothing to differentiate this sanctuary from the Kalakkadu Sanctuary, except for the absence of the Elephant and the Gaur. Situated in the Thirunelveli district, this sanctuary has dry decidious to tropical wet evergreen forests and patches of reeds in an area of 567 sq. kms. The animal wealth in this sanctuary includes the Tiger, Bonnet Macaque, Langurs, Slenders Loris, Sloth Bear, Sambhar, Chital and the Wild Dog. This sanctuary is excellent also for the various species of avifauna and varieties of reptiles and insects. Trekking trips along trekking trails can be undertaken with prior permission from the Forest (Wildlife)

 

Vaikuntha Perumal Temple

VIRALIMALAI SANCTUARY

Viralimalai is a small town situated 30-kms from Thiruchirapalli and 40-kms from Pudukkottai. It is famous for its Murugan temple and the Peacock sanctuary. The town is bestowed with a large number of wild peacocks, which roam around the Murugan temple. The sanctuary is one of the best places to watch peacocks. There are at least six species of peacock pheasants distributed throughout South East Asia, though the Palawan Peacock Pheasant or “Tandikan” (Polyplectron Emphanum) is by far the most spectacularly coloured species of these beautiful birds.

 

Vaikuntha Perumal Temple

MUDUMALAI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

The Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Nilgiri Hills, at a point where the Western Ghats meet the Eastern Ghats. This sanctuary has a mix of flat land, undulating parkland, open grassland, swamp, valleys and nullahs. The Mayyar River forms a series of spectacular cascades on its 65 kms route on the Udhagamandalam-Mysore highway. This sanctuary can be reached from Mysore too. The 321 sq kms area of the sanctuary encompasses a National Park measuring 103 sq kms. The vegetation here is varied. The hilly terrain of the Western Ghats, clothed in dense mixed and moist deciduous forests, make Mudumalai a most attractive wildlife reserve. The Mysore-Ooty highway runs through the Park, following the course of the Mayyar River, which separates Mudumalai from the Bandipur sanctuary.

 

Vaikuntha Perumal Temple

GUINDY NATIONAL PARK

The Guindy National Park is one of the prime spots to visit for those people who come to Chennai during vacation. It is an extension of the grounds that surround the Governor’s Residence, known as the Raj Bhavan . It is the smallest national park in the country. The park attracts more than three lakh visitors during the year. It is a recommended picnic spot for the entire family to spend a day amidst nature and for children in the sand pit and playground with all the equipment.